The Music of the classical and Romantic era is a period of time where it shows the development and different styles of music. Music of the classical period then reflected the baroque but also rejected it too. The Romantic era is known for its intense energy and passion. This attitude toward musical rules changed in the Romantic period. Composers began to abandon the complex polyphony[1] of the Baroque in support of more homophonic[2] forms. The overall texture of classical music was homophonic, which is when multiple voices or instruments harmonize and play or sing the same melody. There are so many lessons, videos, and resources online. (you can hea… The two periods happened one after the other thus the classical period was followed by the romantic era. Because of this, chords in the Classical period were very straightforward and based heavily on the major-minor scale relationships. The gilt-edged, ornate opulence of the baroque was discarded in favour of a more modest and streamlined musical model. Test. (Chroma is Greek forcolour). Terms in this set (21) MELODY Tuneful, easy to sing and remember Balanced and symmetrical, broken into clear phrases These often borrowed from folk music Great emphasis on melody. Classical music tends to be far more dramatic than Baroque music. You have entered an incorrect email address! Classical music was highly expressive and communicative but the romantic composers drew perhaps an even greater focus on the human condition and the struggle of the spirit. Before the classical period, came the Baroque period of music with composers like Bach, Handel, Vivaldi and Couperin. Culture, economics, society, politics all influenced and to some extent governed the development of music during these times. Classical music, like classical architecture built its structures on symmetry and apparent simplicity. Program music became somewhat more common; Optus, the second-largest telecommunications company in Australia, has a long association with nature so M&C Saatchi, Sydney set about exploring communication between humans and... Learning to play the piano without a teacher is quite possible these days. Romantic music is associated with the movement Romanticism that occurred in eighteenth-century Europe. A change in tone, rhythm increases or decreases tensions and expectations in the listener. There was an enormous increase in the size of the orchestra. Classical music is generally accepted as music that was performed or composed between 1750-1820. Harmony of romantic music consisted of chromatics while classical music consisted mostly of diatonic harmony. By this, I mean that the musical and social conventions that were common in the classical period travelled through the Romantic period and enabled the new ideas to flourish. Spell. The embodiment of German Romanticism, Wagner ’s music is pure fire – passion on steroids. This romantic period generally represented growth and developmental expansion of expression and structure in European classical music which started on early 19th century and ended in early 20th century. Romantic music (Beethoven, Wagner, Brahms) sounds more intense and emotional than Classical music (Vivaldi, Handel, Mozart), which generally sounds more structured and predictable (Romantic music seems to quickly shift back and forth from very intense to very calm). Could it be that one period of musical history has extensively more to offer the performer and the listener than the other, or are they equal in their musical offerings? The forms that dominated the Greek and Roman Empires now began to enjoy a resurrection in the world of Classical music. If we judge the classical and romantic periods in terms of the scale then the romantic period would win. Familiar forms from the classical period like sonata form, rondo, ternary, variation form, all tended towards dramatic expansion in the romantic period. The classical music period falls between the Baroque period and the Romantic period from c.1750 to 1810. Characteristics of Classical Music. This is an early classical style, and a very courtly style. However, classical pieces often have intense chromatic sections and Romantic pieces can be relatively diatonic. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. arielleannetan. Likewise, the Romantic period moved away from the elegance and measured control of the classical period towards increasingly larger and complex music in an effort to more fully express the great range of human emotions. Whilst the classical period remained tonal (even in Mozart’s ‘Dissonance Quartet’), the romantic composers eventually drove tonality towards destruction. But that doesn’t mean that Handel, Bach, Mozart Haydn can’t bring one to tears. Just a little fun fact, Beethoven was a student of Mozart's when he was about 16 years of age. This change in focus is key to understanding another difference between the periods of music. The gentle confines of periodic phrasing from the classical period grew into lengthy, extended melodic expressions that soared across the new expanses of the developed forms. One of the major differences between Romantic and Classical music is intense chromaticism. A movement of a sonata in the hands of a Romantic composer is a series of picturesque episodes … Even though there are examples of highly intricate classical pieces they do not come close to the intense chromaticism that underlies the works of composers like Wagner, Scriabin and Schoenberg. Main Characteristics Classical music has a lighter, clearer texture than baroque music and is less complex. It was meant to pleasethe listener, as opposed to making the listener think. It wasn't dramatic as Romantic Era Music. Franz Liszt was a popular composer at this time. While a more precise term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period), this article is about the broad span of time from before the 6th century AD to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. In contrast, the Classical Period of music is characterized more or less by a strict, symmetrical structure in the music. Romanticism - Romanticism - Music: Musical Romanticism was marked by emphasis on originality and individuality, personal emotional expression, and freedom and experimentation of form. Instruments used during this time included the flute, the recorder, and plucked string instruments, like the lute. Techniques, his later works can be relatively diatonic studying music 111 Exam # 2 classical and era! 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