Some economic activities included small farms, livestock, …show more content… The New England colonies. In the New England towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Subsistence Farming Type of farming practiced in New England Produced just enough to meet the needs of their families, with little left over to sell. The Science; Slavery played an important part in the economy of the Southern Colonies, as African slaves were used to work the land. This region was founded by people longing for religious freedom, so God and the church were a cornerstone of life in the New England Colonies. The Southern Colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that wealthy plantation owners controlled the government since they could pay for their expenses. The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies.The New England colonies were part of the Thirteen Colonies and eventually became five of the six states in New England. Then in 1606, the London Company established a presence in what would become Jamestown, Virginia. Most New England farms and homes were surrounded by rock walls, as there was nothing else to do with the rocks once they were cleared from the land for farming. New England farmers often depended on their children for labor. economic activity in the new england colonies relied heavily on trade in part because a cold climate and poor soil made farming unprofitable the colony that was founded in 1607 was successful because of its fertile land, plentiful game, and abundant timber was virginia The New England colonies were well suited for lumber, fishing, whaling, and fur trapping. I've created a year-long U.S. History curriculum that goes through 1877 (Reconstruction). The political structure in the New England colonies was characterized by a high degree of self-rule, elected legislative assemblies, a governor appointed by the British, and town meetings. The Geography and Climate in the New England Colonies wasn't very good because the land was rocky and not good for farming, also the winters were very harsh. The Mayflower and Plymouth Colony—facts about New England, article about the Mayflower and Plymouth Colony, interactive timeline, and reflection. Economic activities and trade were dependent of the environment in which the Colonists lived. The economy of the middle colonies mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing. Economic Activities of Colonial America New England Colonies ----- Merchant trade, shipbuilding, naval supplies, small farming, forestry, fishing Middle Colonies ------ Dairy farming, wheat and grain farming Southern Colonies ---- Rice, tobacco, indigo farming Everyone in the family worked—spinning yarn, milking cows, fencing fields, and sowing and harvesting crops. The New England Colonies were a theocracy, which meant that the church controlled the government.The Middle Colonies had their government and church separated. 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