Systems of Stratification The Caste System. (3) Power – Power influences one‘s definition of self and the importance of ideas in defining social situations. Chapter 7-The 4 Systems of Stratification (lecture and e-text – Slavery, Class, Caste, Estate, also in Chapter 8) Causes of slavery: debt, crime, and war. Davis and Moore begin their most celebrated article “Some Principles of Stratification” (1945) with the observation that stratifi­cation exists in every human society. Power is key to stratification, but class and status are closely linked to it; the three vary together. Criticism of Marxian Theory of Stratification: 4.1 Systems of Stratification; 4.2 Explaining Stratification; 4.3 Social Class in the United States; 4.4 Economic Inequality and Poverty in the United States; 4.5 End-of-Chapter Material; V. Chapter 5: Poverty. The people in the lowest caste suffered from extreme poverty and were shunned by society. Chapter 8: Social Stratification. The Caste System. Social Stratification in Present Day. 9.1 The Nature and Extent of Global Stratification; 9.2 The Impact of Global Poverty There are two types of stratification systems: ascription-based and achievement-based. Those positions which are higher also offer better conditions and positions. Stratification systems include class systems and caste systems, as well as meritocracy. Figure 9.5 India used to have a rigid caste system. Movement from one social position to another is limited due to ascribed statuses. The people in the lowest caste suffered from extreme poverty and were shunned by society. In slavery, some people own others and have control over their lives ; In chattel slavery people are bought and sold as The more polarised are the dominants and the subordinates, the conflict is much violent. Social mobility for all is at least theoretically possible. Social stratification, class systems, and ethnocentrism are all parts of our society that influence our thoughts of what is normal and what is outlandish. Types of Social Stratification. Some aspects of India’s defunct caste system remain socially relevant. 1. Williams: Social Stratification refers to “The ranking of individuals on a scale of superiority-inferiority-equality, according to some commonly accepted basis of valuation. 4 Slavery. The Caste System. The caste system of India does not permit a person to switch between the vertical strata or caste structure (that is an ascribed status) across the social hierarchy, thus making it a closed system. Social stratification refers to a society's categorization of its people into groups based on socioeconomic factors like wealth, income, race, education, ethnicity, gender, occupation, social status, or derived power (social and political). Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 30 November, 2010 The Impact of Social Class/Stratification Stratification and the division of people into social classes is a fundamental part of American society. Sociologist Max Weber, whose work on organizations and bureaucracies was discussed in Chapter 4, also had much to say about class systems of stratification. The first system of slavery are the ruling class that owns people to do their labor work, an example would be owning debts to people in the ruling class that have more power. 4.1 Dimensions of Stratification. The dominant contemporary system of social stratification is the class system; which differs from all other systems of stratification in the absence of formal restrictions on intermarriage, and the movement of individuals between classes. Social stratification carries over from generation to generation; 3. Caste: Birth determines status, which is life long. One … The four systems of stratification would include slavery, the caste system, the estates system, and the open class system. Closed systems tend to be extremely rigid, and does not allow changes in social positions. Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well. Name and describe the two basic types of stratification systems. Slavery-most extreme social inequality. Social Stratification provides motivation to acquire a position: Different social positions offer different opportunities and emolument. Caste systems among Muslims All societies arrange their … Social Stratification, Class System And Ethnocentrism 703 Words | 3 Pages. Caste systems are closed stratification systems in which people can do little or nothing to change their social standing. The greater the inequality in society, the greater is the rate of conflict and its revolutionary nature. 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